FYSC14/EXTF85: Particle Physics, Cosmology and Accelerator Physics
Which are the fundamental constituents of matter and which forces act upon them? Particle Physics is the subject that addresses the fundamental principles governing our world, and how the fundamental constituents of matter interact with each other to produce the world we see. This understanding is formulated mathematically by the theory known as the Standard Model. In this course the constituents and forces in the Standard Model will be introduced.
The Experimental aspect of the course covers both the technical principles of large accelerators, such as the 27 km circumference Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, and the detector technologies of the experiments measuring the particles produced in the collisions produced by the accelerator.
Finally, theory and experiment comes together in the discussion of possible extensions of the Standard Model, such as candidates for Dark Matter and Supersymmetric particles, and the experimental techniques used to search for them.
The overall goal of the course is to give a broad perspective of the field and to highlight some surprising and intriguing aspects of particle physics such as anti-matter, neutrino oscillations, quark confinement, and the Higgs mechanism.
At the end of the course, there is the chance to visit the international particle physics laboratory DESY in Hamburg. The visit will be guided by scientists working at the laboratory and will show some real-life examples of particle physics research.